Skip to main content

đŸŸĢ Governance UI

Governance UI​

You most likely use the web-based UI as the primary point of interaction with the SPL Governance program. Therefore, we will conclude this article with a brief overview of the discussed concepts in the context of the UI.

Creating a Realm​

When you navigate to the Realms page , you can see the list of existing realms. Clicking on the Create DAO button presents you with three options to choose from:

All three options present a walkthrough wizard where different default parameters are predefined, and a different set of parameters has to be provided. The Multi-Signature wallet option creates a Realm where only the council is expected to vote, and the community is not enabled. The NFT Community DAO option creates a Realm where voting power comes from ownership of NFTs. It is a voter weight plugin that provides functionality for voting power calculation. The Community Token DAO is meant for community-driven DAOs where both the council and community are enabled.

When a Realm is created, the main Realm configuration page is presented. When you change some config, it is usually done via a configuration page that ends up creating a proposal. The proposal is a usual way to change the configuration of Realm and Governance.

Let's discuss the most important parts of the UI:​

1. My governance power​

After connecting the wallet, the user can deposit tokens to the Realm and manage their delegation of voting power, withdraw tokens, and check on their created proposals. The My Proposals button shows proposals that the token owner has voted for, including active and unrelinquished ones. The menu names the unrelinquished proposals as Unreleased Proposals. To withdraw tokens, the user has to to relinquish all proposals (i.e., the Release All button). Even for finished proposals, the user has to do the unrelinquish action to withdraw tokens.

2. Params​

This section shows the parameters of the Realm and allows for changes. The user can change the configuration of the Realm (stored in RealmConfigAccount) in the top right corner by clicking on Config -> Change Config. All Governance instances are listed below, and the voting settings can be changed by clicking on the Change Config button. There are other tabs on the right side of the list of Governance instances, including Accounts, where the user can list all related accounts to the Governance. The Accounts tab lists the native treasury wallet, ATA token wallets managed by the governance, and program accounts or a mint, if available.

3. DAO Wallets​

This section provides a different perspective on the Governance accounts. Importantly, the user can create a new Governance instance by clicking on the New DAO wallet button. The list below the button represents the addresses of the native treasury wallets (every Governance has one). To add an asset to a wallet, the user can click on the Add Asset button on the right side. A new token account can be created. The tabs on the right side of the list of native treasury addresses show a list of processed transactions. The Rules tab provides a way to change Governance parameters (similar to the Params subpage), and the Treasury and NFTs tabs provide information about the assets.

4. Programs​

This section allows the user to manage the upgrade authority of programs and do code upgrades. The New program button creates a new program type Governance (see Different types of governances) and takes over management power for the program.

5. New proposal​

The last section we will touch on is the New proposal screen. Here, the user can create a new proposal that can be chosen from a list of common proposals (such as mint token, transfer, etc.) or pass a base64-encoded transaction as a proposal. The switch Vote by council defines if the proposal will be created as a council or community proposal (a council proposal is voted on only by the council and vice versa). At Preview transaction button, the user can check the instruction by simulating it. The Add proposal button then creates a new proposal that is eventually listed on the main configuration page.


We have discussed the SPL Governance Program and its main concepts. We have also touched on the UI and its main features. We hope that this will help you understand the SPL Governance Program better.